Skin Diseases- Causes, Types, Symptoms and Treatment

Diseases related to the skin are called skin diseases. Infections, allergies, chemicals (makeup products), weak immune system can cause skin problems. Diseases occur in most skin diseases like ringworm, eczema, psoriasis, vitiligo. Skin diseases also become a cause of depression in women.

Skin Diseases
Skin Diseases

What is a skin disease

Your skin is a large organ that covers and protects your body. Your skin has many functions. Does it work:

  • Stay hydrated and prevent dehydration
  • Helps you feel sensations like temperature or pain
  • Keep away bacteria, viruses and other causes of infection
  • Stabilize your body temperature
  • Synthesis (production) of vitamin D in response to sun exposure.
  • Skin diseases include any condition that irritates your skin, causing inflammation. Often skin diseases
  • cause rashes or other changes on your skin.

Types of skin diseases

Some skin diseases are minor. Others cause serious symptoms. Some of the most common skin diseases include:

Acne– clogged pores that build up oil, bacteria and dead skin in your pores.
Alopecia areata– losing your hair in small patches.
Atopic dermatitis (eczema)– dry, itchy skin that leads to inflammation, cracking, or scaling.
Psoriasis– scaly skin that may swell or feel warm.
Raynaud’s phenomenon is a period when blood flow to your fingers, toes, or other parts of the body is reduced, causing numbness or discoloration.
Rosacea-redness, thickening of the skin and acne, usually on the face.
In skin cancer– abnormal skin cells begin to grow.
Vitiligo– patches of skin that lose pigment.
Many rare skin diseases are genetic, meaning you inherit them. Some rare skin diseases include:

Actinic prurigo (AP)– an itchy rash caused by sun exposure.
Argaria– a change in skin color due to accumulation of silver in your body.
Chromhidrosis– colored sweat.
Epidermolysis bullosa-a connective tissue disorder that causes fragile skin that blisters and breaks easily.
Harlequin ichthyosis– thick, hard patches or plates on the skin present at birth.
Lamellar ichthyosis– a waxy layer of skin that falls off in the first few weeks of life, revealing scaly or reddened skin.
Necrobiosis lipoidica-a rash on the lower legs that can develop into ulcers (sores).

Due to skin diseases

Certain lifestyle factors can lead to the development of dermatitis. Poor health can also affect your skin. Common causes of skin diseases include:

Bacteria get trapped in your pores or hair follicles.
Conditions that affect your thyroid, kidneys, or immune system.
Environmental triggers, such as allergies or contact with another person’s skin.


  • A fungus or parasite that lives on your skin.
  • Medicines, such as those used to treat inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
  • virus
  • Diabetes
  • sunday

Skin diseases allergy treatment

is indicated after allergy monitoring. People with dry skin also need a good moisturizer.

Eczema or urticaria: Medicines are given according to the degree of allergy. Most skin experts recommend applying creams in such allergies. It is applied directly on the skin. Along with this, some oral tablets are also given, which provide relief from allergies.

Fungal infections: Ringworm or other fungal infections are treated with antifungals. Applying shampoo and cream along with this is also advised. If the infection is severe, some pills are given. For example, terbinafine and Lamisil are commonly used.
Insect bite or sting: Sometimes, even in this case, an allergic reaction occurs at the site of the wound. Insect repellent is then applied and the wound is covered.

Home Remedies for Skin diseases Allergies

As per the age-old practice, this home remedy works to relieve skin allergies.

Apple Cider Vinegar: Apple cider vinegar has long been a popular home remedy for skin allergies. It is believed to soothe eczema and reduce the risk of infection. Eczema is a common skin allergy and affects more than 30 million people in the US alone. According to experts, taking a bath with two cups of apple cider vinegar mixed with warm water softens the skin. Apple cider vinegar is said to bring back the acidity level of the skin. Many people also use creams containing vinegar, which normalizes the pH of the skin.

Aloe Vera: Aloe Vera has been used in home remedies for almost 6 thousand years. Its thick leaves contain a watery gel inside, which is used in many ways. It is also applied on the skin, which makes the skin soft, hydrated and heals scars. Doctors also recommend applying it to the skin in many types of rashes. Aloe vera gel can also be applied to diaper rash in babies over three months, but many may be allergic to it. In such a situation, before trying any prescription, you should consult a doctor. It is very easy to apply – apply aloe vera gel on the allergic area. It dries very quickly. Wipe or wash the skin after 20 to 25 minutes. Initially apply it twice a day. This gives good results.

Baking soda: Baking soda can correct the skin’s pH imbalance. It also reduces skin allergies. It is also very easy to use. Make a paste by mixing 12 teaspoons of distilled water or four teaspoons of baking soda in distilled water. Now apply this paste on the allergic area. After 10 minutes wash the skin with cold water. After this, apply coconut oil on the allergic area. It gives a lot of relief.

Coconut Oil: Coconut oil is beneficial for our skin in many ways. It gives great relief in case of eczema. It not only reduces the symptoms of eczema but also the inflammation. Makes the skin soft and also removes the risk of infection. But people who are allergic to coconut should not use coconut oil. The best time to apply it is at night, as it gets absorbed into the skin slowly.
Peppermint Oil: Peppermint oil is cooling and especially beneficial. It is also beneficial in allergies caused by diabetes, liver disease and kidney disease. It can also be mixed with petroleum jelly i.e. Vaseline and applied to the allergic area, but consult a doctor before using it.


Learning about proper skin care and treatment of skin disorders can be very important to skin health. Some conditions require a doctor’s attention, while others you can safely address at home. You should learn about your symptoms or condition and talk with your doctor to determine the best treatment methods.

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